Automate

AUI: Artificial Un-Intelligence #6

Andrew Hull

AI errors happen, but rarely do they result in a violent outcome. This week, a chess playing robot in Russia made international news when it broke a 7-year-old boy’s finger. 

Video at the Moscow Chess Open shows the robot, an industrial arm built to play chess on three boards simultaneously, grabbing the child’s finger for 15 seconds after the child tried to hurry its next move. NBC News gives a breakdown of the video that caught the incident: 

“It shows the machine reaching for and grabbing one of the boy’s chess pieces, and quickly discarding it from the board. Before the robot’s arm retracted, the boy attempted to make another move, pushing one of his rooks into the same place as the recently removed piece. The video then shows the robot’s mechanical claws descending back toward the board, this time grabbing the boy’s index finger instead of a chess piece.” 

A group of bystanders wrestled with the machine before ultimately freeing the child’s hand, but said his fracture was unavoidable. 

What went wrong

Sergey Lazarev, President of the Moscow Chess Federation put it quite plainly when reacting to the news, “The robot broke the child’s finger — this, of course, is bad.” So what went wrong? 

The robot has been used for over a decade, often to challenge chess grandmasters in exhibition matches. In this case, it was playing against three children at once. 

Unfortunately, there isn’t a lot of information about how the robot was programmed. But we can make some inferences as to how this happened after watching the video. 

In fact, we disagree with the version of events from the writers at NBC News. 

Inference #1: It appears that the robot is trying to place a piece on the board right where the child’s finger was. The robot likely couldn’t register that the piece was on the board because of the child’s finger being in the way, so it kept constant pressure trying to place the piece.  

Inference #2: The pressure was probably steady, and not that high, but clearly strong enough to fracture the boy’s finger and make it difficult to get it loose. 

Inference #3: The robot did not let go of the piece or try to move it to a different area of the board, so it’s likely that the robot’s programming broke down by that point. 

All of which leads us to…

Inference #4: There were no programming safeguards in place to prevent the incident from happening. 

See the video for yourself: 

Potential hotfixes 

Sergey Lazarev said of the incident, “we will communicate, try to sort it out and help in any way we can. And the robot operators, apparently, will have to think about strengthening protection so that such a situation does not happen again.” So what types of protections are needed? 

From a tech perspective, most of the answers here could be as simple as improving the robot’s software. Better discernment between chess pieces and non-chess-piece objects would be a start, or perhaps guardrails that only allow the robot to grab things it knows to be chess pieces. 

Humans play a part in safety here, too. From a human perspective, stricter safety rules around the robot, like only moving a piece when the arm isn’t active on the board, could be effective. 

Artie’s take 

Let’s ask our GPT-3 copywriter Artie for some additional guidance here. We asked, “how should we program a robot chess player to not injure humans?” 

Artie says, “ We should program a robot chess player to not injure humans by ensuring that its movements are slow and deliberate.” This, of course, is not bad advice, Artie. 

At Invisible, we take pride in our vision that humans and machines work best together. Of course, errors still occur - that’s why we have people QA all automated business processes. 

Interested in how we can leverage both humans and technology to help you meet business goals? Get in touch

Tune in next week for more tech fails. 

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